How to, Azure, kubernetes

Kubernetes Integration Testing: MiniKube + Azure Pipelines = Happy

I recently did some work on a fairly simple controller to run inside Kubernetes. It connects to the K8s API and watches for changes to ingress objects in the cluster.

I had a nice cluster spun up for testing which I could tweak and poke then observe the results. This was nice BUT I wanted to translate it into something that ran as part of my CI process to make it more repeatable. Having not played much with the new Azure Pipelines I decided to try and get this working using one.

Here was the goal:

    • Build the source for the controller
    • Spin up a Kuberentes cluster
    • Deploy test resources (Ingress and Services) into the cluster
    • Connect the controller code to the cluster and run it’s tests

The obvious choice was to look at creating the clusters inside a cloud provider and using it for testing but I wanted each PR/Branch to be validated independently in a separate cluster, ideally in parallel, so things get complicated and expensive if we go down that route.

Instead I worked with MiniKube which has a ‘no vm mode’, this spins up a whole cluster using just docker containers. The theory was, if the CI supports running docker containers it should support MiniKube clusters…

TLDR: Yes this is possible with MiniKube and Azure Pipelines or Travis CI – Skip to the end to see how.

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How to

Quick How to: Mount Azure Files Shares with Symlinks support on Ubuntu

Update Oct 2018: To see how to use this in Kuberentes check out this blog post by Daniele Maggio

By default mounting Azure File Shares on linux using CIFS doesn’t enable support for symlinks. You’ll see an error link this:

auser@acomputer:/media/shared$ ln -s linked -n t
ln: failed to create symbolic link 't': Operation not supported

So how do you fix this, simple? Simple add the following to the end of your CIFS mount command:

,mfsymlinks

So the command will look something like:

sudo mount -t cifs //<your-storage-acc-name>.file.core.windows.net/<storage-file-share-name> /media/shared -o vers=3.0,username=<storage-account-name>,password='<storage-account-key>',dir_mode=0777,file_mode=0777,mfsymlinks

So what does this do? Well you have to thank Steve French and Conrad Minshal. They defined a format for storing symlinks on SMB shares, an explanation of the format can be found here.

Thanks to renash for her comment (scroll to the bottom) which enabled me to find this, blog is to help others and give more details.

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